Access to Health and Education Services in Ethiopia
Supply, Demand, and Government Policy
This report analyses the findings of an extensive research project conducted by Oxfam in Ethiopia. In the context of Ethiopia's rising external debt and the new decentralised system of regional governance, members of four communities, both rural and urban, were interviewed about their problems in gaining access to basic health care, reproductive-health services and primary education; front-line service providers were also interviewed. Representatives of central and regional government and international donors were consulted and policy documents reviewed. The report ends with recommendations addressed to the government of Ethiopia, NGOs and major donors and creditors, arguing human-development targets by 2015.
|2. Poverty in Ethiopia|
|3. Health status of the poorest communities|
|4. Health-sector policy and planning|
|5. Water and sanitation|
|6. Food security|
|7. Education status of the poorest communities|
|8. Education-sector policy and planning|
|References and further reading|
|Appendix 1: Micro-research methodology|
|Appendix 2: Tabulated findings|
|Appendix 3: Case study 1. Cherkos, Kebele, Addis Ababa|
|Appendix 4: Case study 2. Yegurassa and Andaje, Delanta, North Wollo|
|Appendix 5: Case study 3. Ali Roba, Metta, Easten Hararge|
|Appendix 6: Case study 4. Belhare, Jijiga, Somali region|
Fra von Massow
Fra von Massow, a Social Development Consultant and Associate of the Development Planning Unit (DPU), University College London, has worked in the goverment and voluntary sectors in Malawi, Ethiopia, and Zaire. During the 1990s she was a Gender Trainer and Consultant with the DPU. She now lives in India and works on integrating social and gender-related concerns into monitoring and evaluation processes in the NGO sector.
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