An ALNAP guide for humanitarian agencies
This guide gives essential advice and insights to humanitarian practitioners who are involved in providing safety and protecting vulnerable people in war and disaster. It provides a framework for responsibility and action, which helps clarify conceptual issues and helps humanitarian field workers position themselves vis-a-vis other actors who have overlapping mandates. A practical schema is also presented, which gives practical advice on how to think through the various elements of protection focused programming in four clear steps: assessment; programme design; implementation: monitoring and evaluation. The guide also outlines key principles of best practice for protection-focused humanitarian work.
|Introduction: PART 1: UNDERSTANDING PROTECTION: PROTECTION FROM WHAT? Variety of contexts; Deliberate personal violence; Deprivation; Limited movement and restricted access; The question of intent; Protection and responsibility: Defining protection; Safety; Dignity; Integrity; Protection as empowerment;|
|Protection as rights-based; Law and protection; Protection responsibility and protection mandates; State responsibility; Mandated and specialized agencies; Non-mandated agencies; The challenge of protection; A framework for protection: The egg framework; Spheres of action; Types of protection activity; Complementarity in protection work; Recognizing protection dilemmas; Eight strategic risks in protection work; The safety of humanitarian personnel; The safety of victims; PART 2: PROGRAMMING FOR PROTECTION: HUMANITARIAN PROGRAMMING WITH PROTECTION OBJECTIVES: A risk-based model of protection; Reducing threats: engaging responsibility; Reducing vulnerability: involving communities; Reducing danger time: limiting exposure; Recognizing primary and secondary risks; Program design; Four programming steps; Step one: situation analysis and protection assessment: Introduction; Awareness of all victim groups; Information gathering; Violations, threats and perpetrators; Monitoring human rights and international humanitarian law; Impact of violations on affected populations; Community protection strategies; Legal standards and responsibility analysis; Mapping political commitment and resources; Step two: setting protection outcomes and objectives: Setting priorities; Specifying protection outcomes; Setting your objectives; Changing behavior; Changing the behavior of perpetrators; Changing the actions of responsible authorities; Reducing the vulnerability of affected communities; Checking your objectives; Step three: choosing protection activities: Plan your activities with endangered communities; Modes of action; Humanitarian advocacy; Advocacy objectives; Advocacy as persuasion; Advocacy as mobilization; Advocacy as denunciation; Humanitarian assistance; Assistance as an entry point to protection; Protective assistance; Assistance-related risks; Presence and accompaniment; Information as protection; Using the complementarity matrix; Example program design using humanitarian objectives; Step four: monitoring protection outcomes: People-centered monitoring; Involving responsible authorities; Staff-centered monitoring; An outsider's perspective; Outcome indicators; Capturing good and bad outcomes; Principles of best practice for protection-focused humanitarian work; Bibliography and annexes.|
Dr Hugo Slim is a leading international academic in humanitarian studies. His work has a particular focus on the ethics of war, the protection of civilians and the morality and practice of humanitarian action.
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