Choosing Research Methods
Data collection for development workers
Development workers often need to carry out specific research in order to obtain answers to specific questions about projects and programmes. Choosing Research Methods discusses the various ways in which such research can be carried out and how to select the most appropriate method for particular circumstances. The advantages and disadvantages of a wide range of research methods are assessed, and guidance given on how to decide exactly what information is necessary and how to obtain it, given the resources of time, personnel, and money available. Illustrated with actual examples from the experience of Oxfam and other development agencies, the book is an attempt to demystify research and to explain how it can be effectively incorporated into the development project cycle, even in small-scale, low-cost development programmes. A companion volume to Social Survey Methods, this book considers the broader theoretical issues behind social research and explains and evaluates the different methods of collection in use.
|1. Starting research: some basic issues;|
|* Identifying a research need;|
|* The level of participation;|
|* Expectations aroused by research;|
|* Constraints on conducting research;|
|* Government attitudes;|
|* Conflicts and emergencies;|
|* Cultural factors: gender relations and power structures;|
|2. Strategic issues in planning and sound research;|
|* The unit of analysis;|
|* Questions of time;|
|* The research timetable;|
|* Continuous research or a snapshot?;|
|* Objectivity; subjectivity and the control of bias;|
|* Representative results;|
|* Some pitfalls to be avoided;|
|* Choosing the researchers;|
|* Local participation and experts;|
|* Training the field team;|
|* Styles of research;|
|3. The range of research methods;|
|* Making the most of existing resources;|
|* Asking questions and interviewing;|
|* Group interviews;|
|* Oral testimonies oral histories and life-histories;|
|* The pros and cons of a survey;|
|* Participant observation;|
|* Rapid rural appraisal;|
|* The variety of RRA techniques;|
|* Collating and presenting RRA findings;|
|* Limitations of RRA;|
|* An example of RRA;|
|* Participatory Rural Appraisal;|
|4. General issues affecting most research methods;|
|* The use of appropriate indicators;|
|* After research: some crucial questions;|
|* Appendix 1 Checking for questions;|
|* Appendix 2 Questionnaire design;|
|* Appendix 3 Some high-tech; high cost research methods;|
|* Appendix 4 Logical Framework Analysis;|
|* Appendix 5 Women and evaluation;|
|* Appendix 6 Action Research Programme: the methods and approach;|
Brian Pratt is one of the founding members of INTRAC and is the Executive Director. He has worked in many countries as a consultant and researcher for NGOs, and multi- and bilateral agencies. The primary focus of his publications and consultancies is on strategic policy issues for NGOs and Monitoring and Evaluation (M&E).
Peter Loizos is a Visiting Research Fellow in the Crisis States Programme, Development Studies Institute, LSE, and Professor of Sociology in Intercollege, Nicosia.
Ethical Codes in Humanitarian Emergencies: From Practice to Research?
Disasters, Vol. 27 (2003), Iss. 2 P.95https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-7717.00222 [Citations: 33]
Economic viability of the traditional farming system in the Ghouta, Oasis of Damascus, Syria
Alhamidi, Sameer K.
American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, Vol. 18 (2003), Iss. 4 P.196https://doi.org/10.1079/AJAA200351 [Citations: 1]
Patterns of mangrove forest disturbance and biomass removal due to small-scale harvesting in southwestern Madagascar
Scales, Ivan R.
Friess, Daniel A.
Wetlands Ecology and Management, Vol. 27 (2019), Iss. 5-6 P.609https://doi.org/10.1007/s11273-019-09680-5 [Citations: 21]
The composite approach: Research design in the context of war and armed conflict
Third World Quarterly, Vol. 23 (2002), Iss. 5 P.991https://doi.org/10.1080/0143659022000028530 [Citations: 40]
A Funny Thing Happened on the Way to the Ethics Board: Studying the Meaning of Farm Life for Farm Children
Cummins, Helene A.
Journal of Academic Ethics, Vol. 4 (2007), Iss. 1-4 P.175https://doi.org/10.1007/s10805-006-9015-3 [Citations: 4]
A mixed qualitative‐quantitative‐ participatory methodology
Library Management, Vol. 31 (2010), Iss. 1/2 P.5https://doi.org/10.1108/01435121011013359 [Citations: 10]
Community development and research: Participatory learning and action ‐a development strategy in itself
Wetmore, Stephen B
Development Southern Africa, Vol. 15 (1998), Iss. 1 P.29https://doi.org/10.1080/03768359808439994 [Citations: 12]
The logical framework: An easy escape, a straitjacket, or a useful planning tool?
Development in Practice, Vol. 13 (2003), Iss. 1 P.57https://doi.org/10.1080/0961452022000037982 [Citations: 30]
Disability & International Development
Cultural Challenges in Piloting Disability Surveys in Papua New Guinea
2009https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-93840-0_8 [Citations: 0]
Investigating the learning resource requirements of students at the Open University of Tanzania
McHarazo, Alli A.S.
Journal of Librarianship and Information Science, Vol. 31 (1999), Iss. 2 P.101https://doi.org/10.1177/096100069903100205 [Citations: 5]
Femme Fatales: Girl Gangsters and Violent Street Culture in Cape Town
Feminist Criminology, Vol. 15 (2020), Iss. 4 P.438https://doi.org/10.1177/1557085120914374 [Citations: 4]
Decentralization, participation, devolution and infrastructure development in rural areas: A case study of district Bhakkar, Pakistan
Asian Journal of Comparative Politics, Vol. 6 (2021), Iss. 2 P.143https://doi.org/10.1177/2057891119900674 [Citations: 1]
The Impact of ORKÖY Activities on Sustainable Forest Management in İstanbul Province, Turkey
Small-scale Forestry, Vol. 20 (2021), Iss. 4 P.517https://doi.org/10.1007/s11842-021-09479-4 [Citations: 2]
Environment and Health in Sub-Saharan Africa: Managing an Emerging Crisis
The Impact of Industrial Clusters in Greening Manufacturing Industry Practices: The Case of the Old Ardbennie Industrial Cluster in Harare, Zimbabwe
2009https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4020-9382-1_8 [Citations: 0]
Crop ash filtrate influence on cooking time and sensory preferences for dried black beans (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)
Tara, L Bergeson
Peter, D MacMillan
African Journal of Food Science, Vol. 10 (2016), Iss. 8 P.132https://doi.org/10.5897/AJFS2016.1456 [Citations: 5]
I Ssues of Irrigation of Horticultural Crops by Smallholder Farmers in Kenya
Kulecho, I. K.
Irrigation and Drainage Systems, Vol. 20 (2006), Iss. 2-3 P.259https://doi.org/10.1007/s10795-006-9006-y [Citations: 10]
Problems and prospects for conservation and indigenous community development in rural Botswana
Development Southern Africa, Vol. 22 (2005), Iss. 1 P.67https://doi.org/10.1080/03768350500044644 [Citations: 8]
Guidelines for Conducting Rapid Participatory Appraisals of Community Health Needs in Developing Countries: Experience from Tulikup, Bali
Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health, Vol. 18 (2006), Iss. 3 P.42https://doi.org/10.1177/10105395060180030801 [Citations: 6]
Enterprise Characteristics and Constraints in Developing Countries
Satta, Tadeo Andrew
The International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Innovation, Vol. 4 (2003), Iss. 3 P.175https://doi.org/10.5367/000000003101299546 [Citations: 15]
Researchers and the rural poor: Asking questions in the Third World
Adams, William M.
Megaw, Charles C.
Journal of Geography in Higher Education, Vol. 21 (1997), Iss. 2 P.215https://doi.org/10.1080/03098269708725426 [Citations: 10]