Local Participation in Major Projects
The Earth Summit in Rio in 1992 generated much rhetoric about the need for collaboration between local communities and multilateral funders of major development projects, in order to preserve natural resources. Since then there has been intense debate about the importance of local participation, accountability to local communities, transparent procedures and gender-sensitive planning. In this work, the author examines the case of the Rondonia Natural Resource Management Project (PLANAFLORO) in the Amazon, funded by the World Bank, and considers the frustrations created when local NGOs and communities were effectively excluded from decisions about a project that claimed to be participatory. In contrast, she considers examples of relatively good practice, most notably the Joint Forest Management project, funded by the British Overseas Development Administration, in Karnataka, India. The author also examines recent atttempts by the World Bank to involve local governments in decision making. From a focus on individual projects, the book moves to a consideration of local participation in entire projects - the World Bank's Country Assistance Strategies - and community involvement in projects funded by the private sector. It ends with a summary of the lessons to be learned by local and international NGOs and by major donors.
|Chapter 1. Participatory development, An overview|
|Chapter 2. The World Bank and the Brazilian Amazon, lessons in participation|
|Chapter 3. Gender, equity, and exclusion in the Western Ghats|
|Chapter 4. Global benefits, local costs, expulsion from the Kibale Forest|
|Chapter 5. Accountability mechanisms|
|Chapter 6. Extending participation and ensuring equity|
|Chapter 7. Lessons learned -the benchmarks for accountable development|
|Appendix. NGO's and participation - the benefits of forest protection in Orissa|
Patricia Feeney was senior policy adviser on social and economic rights for Oxfam GB.
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