The Afridev pump is the result of a design and development process that began twenty years ago. It is now being manufactured in many different countries to a standard design, and the possibilities of local manufacture are being explored.
Water supply works have been dominated in the recent past by construction targets. A new emphasis on community management will lead to sustainable water supplies.
During Ethiopia's long civil war, NGO intervention was limited to emergency relief. Now, agencies are helping to provide water supplies to a largely unserved rural population. Is sustainability impossible without community ownership? And what scope is there for building more productive relationships between NGOs and government?