2. Why industrialization is important for Africa
3. The changing setting for industrialization
4. Does Africa need technological effort to industrialize?
5. African industrial performance
6. African export performance
7. African competitive lags: framework conditions
8. Structural factors in competitiveness: technology, skills, and FDI
8.1 Analytical background
8.2 Skills and technology effort in Africa
8.3 Foreign direct investment
9. Policy options
9.1 Thinking in terms of national learning systems
9.2 Improving the investment climate further
9.3 Managing trade liberalization
9.4 Attracting and benefiting from FDI
9.5 Human capital
9.6 Technology support and infrastructure
9.7 Strategic policy capability
10. The role of the international community
The late Sanjaya Lall was Professor of Development Economics at the University of Oxford and a Fellow of Green College. He consulted for many international organizations, advised many governments, and worked with the Ford Foundation and the Rockefeller Foundation on issues of competitiveness, innovation and industrialization. He published 40 books and monographs, and more than 200 articles in academic journals and books.
Erika Kraemer-Mbula is a PhD. Student in the Department of International Development, University of Oxford.