How poor are participants in development programmes? And are they making progress toward the Millennium Development Goals? Using data from national household surveys, this paper presents easy-to-use, objective poverty scorecards for seven countries: Bangladesh, Bolivia, Haiti, India, Mexico, Pakistan and the Philippines. Each scorecard uses five indicators - closely related to the Millennium Development Goals - to estimate a person's poverty likelihood, that is, the probability that income or expenditure is below the national poverty line or below $1/day. Field workers can compute scores by hand on paper in 5-10 minutes. The poverty scorecards can help local propoor programmes target services, report on poverty rates, and track changes in poverty rates over time.