Using group entrepreneurship to create new enterprises systematically
This article discusses two innovative approaches to fostering group entrepreneurship to address the urgent employment and income needs of urban and rural workers in developing countries and countries undergoing privatization and structural change. One approach called 'group entrepreneurship projects' (GEP), is a rudimentary pre-cooperative approach to enterprise creation that is designed to assist the rural poor in developing countries. Another approach called 'co-operative entrepreneurship for enterprise development' (CEED), is designed to boost the economies and employment levels of rural and urban communities in both developing and industrialized countries through the systematic organization of modern worker-owned joint-production co-operatives in the industrial and service sectors. These two collective approaches to group entrepreneurship provide the basis for a dynamic employment and enterprise development strategy.