projects' (GEP), is a rudimentary pre-cooperative approach to enterprise creation that is designed to assist the rural poor in developing countries. Another approach called 'co-operative entrepreneurship for enterprise development' (CEED), is designed to boost the economies and employment
levels of rural and urban communities in both developing and industrialized countries through the systematic organization of modern worker-owned joint-production co-operatives in the industrial and service sectors. These two collective approaches to group entrepreneurship provide the basis
for a dynamic employment and enterprise development strategy.