A lack of sanitation in the township next to Jeffreys Bay, South Africa, means that not only is the beach strewn with waste, but the township dwellers are faced with health hazards. Some possible solutions are presented here.
Though billions of people are without adequate fresh-water resources, even more people lack effective sanitation services. This latter concern is the focus of an appropriate technology initiative (WASTE Programme) of Wheaton College in Illinois which engages undergraduate students and interdisciplinary faculty in experiments with simple, small-scale waste-stabilization ponds for eventual installation in many global communities. Project laboratory data indicate that low-cost, low-maintenance systems can eliminate microbial pathogens and provide nutrient-rich effluent for agricultural use, before recharging the local groundwater.