Simplest is not always best - physical and climatic constraints to community water supply in Zimbabwe
This article gives a brief overview of findings from nearly ten years of interdisciplinary research in south-eastern Zimbabwe. It outlines some of the major findings, and their relevance in terms of water resource development, rural livelihoods, and environmental sustainability.
The phrase 'Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches' is being increasingly well-used within development circles. This article looks at what the approach really means and how it can be used within
Community management must mature from being an NGOor donor-driven model, based on time-bound pilot projects. Instead, under the leadership of government, it must encompass scaled-up delivery of water supply services, with community institutions governing and operating their systems, supported by local and national government structures.
Over the past year, discussions have being going on within the water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) sector on the possible implications of climate change on services provisions, and the practical adaptation measures that could or should be taken by the sector. Although not conclusive, two important points of agreement have emerged as a result of these discussions. First, climate change predictions are characterized by high levels of uncertainty, particularly at the spatial scales at which most decisions on WASH services provision are made. Second, while it should be taken very seriously, climate change is not the only, and probably not the most important, factor to consider in the short and medium term. This paper argues that the most effective approach to adaptation is to strengthen governance of the WASH sector, for example by adopting principles of adaptive management and by using tools such as scenario building as an integral part of decision-making. In addition, it calls for better embedding of WASH services provision within an integrated water resource management framework.