The impacts of participatory watershed management
Fertile Ground addresses presents the findings of the first formal study and in-depth research into the impacts of participatory watershed management in a wider range of agroecological and socioeconomic settings in Africa, Asia, Australia and Latin America. The Sustainable Agricultural and Rural Livelihoods Programme of the International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) has, through its collaborative research programme, New Horizons, worked with a diverse group of organizations engaged in the development, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of participatory watershed management and soil and water conservation projects and programmes. The twenty-three case studies provide compelling evidence of the importance of local people's involvement in natural resource planning and management and reveal how difficult it is to scale-up and institutionalize participatory approaches in large, sector-based programmes, particularly in government bureaucracies. The collection provides an analysis of the biophysical, socioeconomic and institutional impacts of development and management practices and to point to practicable and realistic ways forward for both governments and external support agencies.
|FOREWORD by Francis Shaxson xi|
|1. Soil and Water Conservation: A Brief History of Coercion|
|and Control 1|
|Jules Pretty and Parmesh Shah|
|2. Sustainability Indicators for Analysing the Impacts|
|of Participatory Watershed Management Programmes 13|
|John Thompson and Irene Guijt|
|Resource-conserving Technologies and Practices: Farmer|
|innovation and adaptation 27|
|3. Soil Recuperation in Central America: How Innovation|
|was Sustained after Project Intervention 32|
|Roland Bunch and Gabind Lopez|
|4. Continuous Adaptation for Soil and Water Conservation:|
|The case of PATECORE in Burkina Faso 42|
|5. Participatory Technology Development in Southern India:|
|Improving Rainfed Agriculture 48|
|Kennedy N. Igbokwe, Romy San Buenaventura,|
|Carlos Basilio, Scott Killough, Neelkant Pandhare and|
|6. Participatory Technology Development for Watershed|
|Management in Leyte, The Philippines 62|
|Edwin A. Balbarino and Dolores L. Alcober|
|7. The Impact of Technology Adaptation on Productivity and|
|Sustainability: MYRADA's Experiences in Southern India 75|
|Aloysius P. Fernandez|
|8. Participatory Upland Agro-ecosystem Management in|
|Bicol, The Philippines 90|
|Jit P. Bhuktan, Carlos S. Basilio, Scott I. Killough,|
|Ma. Francia L. de los Reyes, Samuel C. Operio and|
|Rico V. Locaba|
|Enabling Government Programmes 107|
|9. Transforming Micro-catchments in Santa Catarina, Brazil 114|
|Valdemar Hercilio de Freitas|
|10. Impacts of the Catchment Approach to Soil and|
|Water Conservation: Experiences of the Ministry of|
|Agriculture, Kenya 130|
|J.K. Kiara, L.S. Munyikombo, L.S. Mwarasomba,|
|Jules Pretty and John Thompson|
|11. Large-scale Government Programmes: Watershed|
|Development in Rajasthan, India 143|
|12. A New Approach for Government: The Doon Valley|
|Integrated Watershed Management Project,|
|Uttar Pradesh, India 157|
|K.C. Thapliyal, S.T.S. LepchaandP. Kumar|
|13. The Impact of the Begnas Tal/ Rupa Tal Watershed|
|Management Project, Pokhara, Nepal 164|
|Mohan P. Wagley|
|14. Subsidies in Watershed Development Projects in India:|
|Distortions and Opportunities 178|
|John M. Kerr, N.K. Sanghi and G. Sriramappa|
|15. The Policy Landscape and Prospects of Landcare 194|
|Andrew Campbell and Jim Woodhill|
|16. Regional Initiatives in Southern Africa to Put Farmers|
|First in Soil Conservation 209|
|NGO-led Transformations 217|
|17. Converting Irrigation Tanks Into Percolation Tanks in|
|South India: A Case-study of Social Organization Leading|
|to Equitable Development 223|
|P. Gangi Reddy, G. Sriramappa, J.C. Katyal, N.K. Sanghi,|
|John M. Kerr and Ramesh Chakravorthy|
|18. Farmer-based Extension for Watershed Development: The|
|Case of Mag-uugmad, The Philippines 236|
|Lapulapu L. Cerna, Leonardo A. Moneva,|
|Wilfredo M. Listones and Efren C. Gerardino|
|19. Kasare - A Saga of a People's Faith: A Case-study of|
|Participatory Watershed Management 247|
|Crispino hobo and Thomas Palghadmal|
|20. Scaling-up Soil and Water Conservation Efforts in|
|Chotanagpur Plateau, Eastern India 259|
|Jaya Chatterji, Prashant Kumar Das,|
|Sandeep Chakravarty, Hardeep Singh and R.P. Agarwal|
|21. Matching Participatory Agricultural Development with|
|the Social Landscape of Northeast Brazil 273|
|Irene Guijt and Pablo Sidersky|
|Local Capacity and Institutional Innovation 289|
|22. Equity, Local Groups and Credit: Lessons from|
|MYRADA's Work in South India 295|
|Aloysius P. Fernandez|
|23. Institutional Strengthening for Watershed Development:|
|The case of the Aga Khan Rural Support Programme|
|(AKRSP) in India 309|
|Parmesh Shah and Meera Kaul Shah|
|24. Watershed and Community Development in Tamil Nadu,|
|John Devavaram, Erskine Arunothayam,|
|Rajendra Prasad and Jules Pretty|
|25. The Impact of the Mangla Watershed Management|
|Project, Pakistan 332|
|Shahid Ahmad and Javed Ahmed|
|26. Local Conservation Action in Western Australia 340|
|Andrew Campbell, Phil Grice and Justin Hardy|
|27. The Challenges of Change for the West Hume Landcare|
|Jim Woodhill, Judy Frankenberg and Paul Trevethan|
|28. Towards New Horizons: Implications for Joint|
|Watershed Development and Challenges for the Future 371|
John Thompson John Thompson is a Research Fellow at the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex.
Irene Guijt Irene Guijt is an independent consultant, Visiting Fellow at the Department of Forestry at ANU, Research Associate for the International Institute for Environment and Development in London and Research Associate for Overseas Development Institute.
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