Women and Water-Pumps in Bangladesh
The impact of participation in irrigation groups on women's status
The increasing availability of mechanized irrigation pumps in rural Bangladesh has opened up the possibility for NGO-supported groups of poor people to become owners of a pump and to use the water for irrigating household land and/or for sale. Women's participation and the impact on their status has been studied in 35 female and mixed-sex irrigation groups dispersed over the country, supported by five different NGOs and the Grameen Bank. The book describes the background, methodologies and conclusions to the studies in detail, with summaries of the policy implications.
|1 Milk processing 3|
|General methods of milk processing 3|
|Milk composition 4|
|Microbiology of milk 5|
|Classification of milk products 6|
|2 Traditional methods and products 9|
|Fermented milks 18|
|Miscellaneous milk products 25|
|3 Improving milk processing technologies 26|
|Sanitation and hygiene 27|
|Heat treatment 28|
|Testing milk quality 28|
|Improvements to cheesemaking 30|
|Improvements to buttermaking 36|
|Improvements to fermented milk processing 39|
|4 Socio-economic considerations 42|
|Understanding the context 42|
|Identifying constraints 43|
|Planning options 43|
|Checklist for increasing options for milk processing 47|
|5 Case studies 49|
|Buttermaking using an internal agitator, Ethiopia 49|
|Village dairy development in the Occupied Territories, Israel 49|
|Goat-cheesemaking and marketing, Chile 50|
|Goat and milk production, Argentina 52|
|Rural women's milk production, Bolivia 53|
|Traditional sweetmeats, Bangladesh 54|
|Mala milk, Tanzania 56|
|vi DAIRY PROCESSING|
|GLOSSARY OF TERMS 58|
|EQUIPMENT SUPPLIERS 59|
|REFERENCES AND FURTHER READING 62|
Barbara van Koppen
Barbara van Koppen is a Principal Researcher at the International Water Management Institute, South Africa.
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