Seeds of Choice
Making the most of new varieties for small farmers
Seeds of Choice provides an in-depth analysis of the regulatory frameworks that cover varietal testing, release and dissemination of seeds. This book analyses the varietal testing system used by the All India Co-ordinated Crop Improvement Projects. The study reveals that reforms are needed if a greater choice of varieties are to be provided to meet the diverse needs of farmers in widely differing agro-ecological situations. The evidence presented in this book shows that attempts to increase the involvement of farmers in crop improvement would be the most promising reform to the system. The challenge is to incorporate farmer participation as an integral part of the varietal testing system. Seeds of Choice is addressed to all those concerned with crop improvement, such as plant breeders and agricultural extensionists, agricultural development workers, including researchers, policymakers, donors, voluntary agencies and commercial seed producers.
|List of Abbreviations xi|
|Regulatory Frameworks: Why do We Need Them? xvii|
|J. Farrington and J.R. Witcombe|
|Part 1: An Analysis of Varietal Testing|
|1. Introduction 3|
|D.S. Virk and J.R. Witcombe|
|2. Trial Testing Sites in the All India Coordinated Projects— 7|
|How well do they Represent Agro-ecological Zones and Farmers' Fields?|
|A.J. Packwood, D.S. Virk and J.R. Witcombe|
|3. Resource Allocation and Efficiency of the Varietal Testing System 27|
|J.R. Witcombe, D.S. Virk and A.G.B. Raj|
|Part 2: Varietal Release and Popularization|
|4. Introduction 47|
|P.S. Sodhi, D.S. Virk and J.R. Witcombe|
|5. The Extent and Rate of Adoption of Modern Cultivars in India 53|
|J.R. Witcombe, A.J. Packwood, A.G.B. Raj and D.S. Virk|
|6. The Regulatory Framework for Varietal Testing and Release in India 69|
|1. Release and Popularization of Cultivars in Rajasthan 85|
|8. Release and Popularization of Cultivars in Madhya Pradesh 105|
|9. Release and Popularization of Cultivars in Gujarat 119|
|10. Introduction 135|
|11. Participatory Approaches in Pearl Millet Breeding 143|
|E. Weltzien R., M.L. Whitaker, H.F.W. Rattunde,|
|M. Dhamotharan and MM. Anders|
|12. Fanner Participatory Approaches for Varietal Improvement 171|
|A. Joshi and J.R. Witcombe|
|13. Participatory Breeding in Rice 191|
|Part 4: Scaling up|
|14. Introduction 201|
|P.S. Sodhi, A. Joshi and J.R. Witcombe|
|15. The Role of NGOs in the Popularization of Varieties:|
|A Case-study from Western India 205|
|M. Garg, P.S. Sodhi and A. Joshi|
|Part 5: Bibliography and Annexes|
|Annexes 1 to 4 221|
|List of Contributors 255|
|Subject Index 257|
|Author Index - 269|
Professor John Witcombe is Director of CAZS-NR at Bangor University. His research interests include Farmer participation in development of agricultural technologies, Participatory plant breeding and participatory varietal selection, Plant breeding, Marker-assisted selection, Agricultural biodiversity
John Farrington is with the Overseas Development Institute.
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