A manual of best practice and decision support tools
Restocking can be an effective means of poverty alleviation, which enables poor households to be incorporated back into the social and economic fabric of pastoralism. Nevertheless, at present the sustainability of projects is low. This book responds to the previous failures of restocking projects by promoting a new client-driven approach. As such, it offers a holistic overview of the factors influencing the success of restocking as a means of relief, rehabilitation or development. A review of best practices in project design and implementation is also described. Equally, easily applied decision support tools have been created to assist practitioners in each stage of the restocking cycle ranging from community and client selection to monitoring and evaluation. As well as its practical application, the book provides a comprehensive background to key concepts and literature. Use of the manual will enable practitioners and policy makers to improve the poverty alleviation outcomes of restocking projects and programmes. Claire Heffernan is a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Reading and the Director of the Livestock Development Group; Louise Nielsen is a member of the Livestock Development Group; Federica Misturelli is a linguist with a background in social development.
|Acronyms and abbreviations x|
|Pastoralists and poverty 1|
|The advent of restocking 1|
|Early projects 1|
|Project objectives 2|
|The criticisms 2|
|The issues 2|
|PART 1 Concepts, issues and guidelines 5|
|Chapter 1 Key concepts 7|
|Destitute pastoralist 9|
|Pastoralist community 9|
|The relief–development continuum 11|
|The role of restocking in the relief–development continuum 12|
|Chapter 2 Key issues and best practice guidelines 15|
|The project cycle 15|
|Project design 16|
|Implementation issues 26|
|Chapter 3 Relief, rehabilitation or development? 35|
|Restocking as a means of relief 35|
|Restocking as a means of rehabilitation 37|
|Restocking as a means of development 41|
|PART II Decision support tools 47|
|Chapter 4 Participation and the project cycle 49|
|Guidelines for participation 50|
|Chapter 5 Tools for ex ante assessment 55|
|Chapter 6 Targeting tools 59|
|Community selection tools 59|
|Household selection tools 70|
|Chapter 7 Monitoring and evaluation 79|
|Stage I: Environmental screening 79|
|Stage II: Animal health inputs 81|
|Stage III: Repayment schemes 84|
|Stage IV: Herd growth and livelihood indicators 85|
|Chapter 8 Utilizing the tool kit 91|
|References and bibliography 99|
Claire Heffernan is a Senior Research Fellow at the University of Reading and the Director of the Livestock Development Group.
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