Poor People's Energy Outlook 2016
Recognising its role as a key enabler in international development, energy has received extraordinary levels of international attention in recent years; culminating in a dedicated energy access goal within the 2015 Sustainable Development Goals. Immense amounts of political, financial and human capital are therefore set to be invested in renewable energy, energy efficiency and, of fundamental importance, energy access.
However, the vast majority of solutions proposed are still those that, to date, have left well over two billion people either totally without access to energy or without adequate, safe, reliable, and affordable energy services. If this situation is left unchallenged, the outlook remains bleak for poor people and global aspirations to universalise energy access by 2030.
Seeking to address this, the PPEO 2016 offers an alternative framework for national energy planning which incorporates more fully the expressed needs and priorities of the energy-poor. By exploring what it means to plan for energy access from the bottom up, and identifying a range of energy access solutions which could meet poor people’s prioritised needs, it offers national decision-makers a golden opportunity to achieve national energy access targets more quickly, cheaply and sustainably than the status quo currently provides.
This edition is the first in a new suite of three PPEOs which takes the Total Energy Access framework developed in previous editions and illustrates how it can be operationalized in terms of planning (this edition), financing (2017) and delivering at scale (2018).
This book is essential reading for national planners, policy and decision makers within energy, agriculture and education government departments; staff in international agencies; researchers in the energy sector; and private actors and financiers looking to invest in modern, affordable and sustainable energy for all.
2. The inadequacies of energy access plans
3. A bottom-up approach to national energy planning
7. Implications for national planning
8. Recommendations and conclusions
‘We are really happy to see gender issues featured throughout the PPEO 2016 and would like to congratulate Practical Action on how influential the PPEO series has been in setting the stage for SE4ALL. This edition of the PPEO continues to emphasise the need to change the paradigm and put the last mile first in energy access planning.’
Sheila Oparaocha, ENERGIA International Coordinator and Programme Manager
‘National energy access planning is of vital relevance to achieving the vision of Universal Energy Access by 2030. The PPEO 2016 offers an important contribution to the debate by offering suggestions of what a good plan entails, and by offering tangible recommendations on how to meaningfully include the voices of those who are ultimately affected by national energy access planning.’
Caspar Priesemann, Energy Access Advisor, GIZ
‘Once again the PPEO provides terrific insights on the dynamic topic of energy and development. As energy demand and investment in developing countries continues to grow rapidly, the PPEO is a critical resource for decision makers.’
Morgan Bazilian, Lead Energy Specialist, World Bank
‘This is timely as, despite the growing recognition of energy service delivery as key to achieving development objectives, current approaches to energy planning and financing are too frequently failing to meet poor people’s energy access needs. This call for more emphasis on decentralized energy solutions and on the actual energy services provided reflects well DFID’s own approach, including the Energy Africa household solar initiative. This PPEO on national planning makes a valuable contribution, and DFID is pleased that this will be the first of three guides that DFID is supporting reframing the energy access agenda.’
Alistair Wray, Senior Energy Advisor; DFID Research and Evidence Division
‘It is very important and timely to underline that energy plans (and policies) should be about the energy needs of people, in particular the poor. There is a serious risk that the focus of planners, policy makers and financiers will be limited to large infrastructure projects, while billions of people will still lack proper access to electricity and clean cooking and can only be served by decentralized solutions. Delivering on universal energy access requires people-centered planning, based on bottom-up practices.’
Frank van der Vleuten, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Netherlands