It is obvious that there is a great need for small business and self-employment in both developed and developing countries. This article looks at the situation in South Africa, in particular, where there is an urgency to create a good environment for potential entrepreneurship among the black communities, and suggests change, using the experiences of programmes in the UK. Two placement and training programmes are analysed for their potential in raising student awareness of small business, and it is proposed that much could he adapted to suit the situations in developing countries.
Since 1979 GTZ has been experimenting with an approach to development that borrows heavily from behavioural psychology and personal development, as well as from business management and entrepreneurship development. The approach goes by the acronym of CEFE, which stands for Competency-based Economies through the Formation of Enterprise. The approach is now used in many different countries and is applied to many different situations related to enterprise development. This article has been prepared by two people who have been involved with its conceptual elaboration and dissemination; it is a personal analysis and is not intended to represent the views of all those who are using the approach. This article briefly reviews the evolution of entrepreneurship promotion and identifies the key considerations for the sustainable replication of practical and cost-effective enterprise promotion programmes in emerging economies. It concludes with the presentation of the CEFE method of enterprise promotion which is now used in 50 countries in Eastern Europe, Asia, Latin America and Africa.