capabilities and expand the local economy. This article describes three such cases: public–private sector relationships in Penang, Malaysia, Anglo-American's supplier development programme in South Africa, and civil society initiatives to develop backward linkages between DaimlerChrysler
and producer groups in the Amazon region, Brazil. Although the types of partners and the importance of government policies vary, certain characteristics are common to all three cases: commercial viability, a long-term view of the business relationship, and vision on the part of both the TNC
and the SME.