challenges faced by informal sector workers resulting from developments in the transport sector in Bangladesh, and in the energy sector in Ethiopia. In both cases, the informal sector entrepreneurs are
characterized by low incomes, vulnerability and high competition for limited markets, and the research suggests that their vulnerability was increased by urban development. The third case study is intended
to show how the needs of informal sector workers can be accounted for in development processes. In it, waste-recycling entrepreneurs are employed by an organized waste collection service. The author
considers what could have been done to avoid some of the adverse impacts, and asks what is now needed to address the hardship and vulnerability faced by displaced service providers. Recommendations are
made for future projects aimed at practitioners and policy-makers.