were each designed to serve several hundred farmers. The other concerns rural electricity in Orissa, where much of the power was being stolen and most of what was billed was not paid for. In both cases,
village committees were promoted to improve the management of the facilities. The paper describes how this promotion task was undertaken, over a two-year period, and summarizes the results. The similarities
and differences between the two services, the background to the respective situations, and the enterprise promotion processes, are identified. Conclusions are drawn as to the circumstances, and promotion
processes, which are more likely to be conducive to a successful outcome.