chief among them are the benefits for microfinance consumers that typically accompany competition and, for transformed MFIs, the ability to mobilize small-scale savings. But it also poses several perils
of which mission drift is the most prominent. This article reviews the promises and perils of commercialization and the evidence for mission drift. It concludes that the promises of commercialization more
than justify its risks, but it cautions restraint and recommends a continued role for poverty-focused microfinance NGOs so as to ensure that the poor, and especially the very poor, remain legitimate markets
for financial services.