were interviewed. How farmers' input costs, their yields and their gross margins were affected by farming organically, and by being 'in transition' is examined. It appears that once full organic status
is achieved, and when a premium is applied, organic farming through a fair trade organization can be very profitable compared to conventional farming; however,many poorer farmers cannot afford the transition
period. Other benefits include improved health and the social advantages of belonging to a farmers'network.
- Trade-off between outreach and sustainability of microfinance institutions: evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
- What is cocoa sustainability? Mapping stakeholders’ socio-economic, environmental, and commercial constellations of priorities
- Impact assessment of commodity standards: towards inclusive value chains
- Development impact bonds: learning from the Asháninka cocoa and coffee case in Peru
- Value chain development for rural poverty reduction: A reality check and a warning