is the Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation (PKSF) in Bangladesh, but second-tier institutions are also major players in India, Sri Lanka, the Philippines and Thailand. This article reviews the experience of second-tier microfinance institutions in a number of countries in Asia. It finds that such
institutions can be a very effective means for governments and donor agencies to channel support to MFIs. It is more efficient for one institution to monitor and evaluate MFIs than for different governments and donor agencies to conduct their own analyses. Perhaps most importantly, second-tier
institutions can also contribute significantly to a more efficient microfinance sector by setting and enforcing appropriate performance and reporting standards.