of consciously pursued joint action (e.g. several firms sharing an order). Many clusters arose without external intervention, but this article addresses what may be done to promote clustering in developing countries. Three essential elements of effective enterprise assistance are described:
developing customer orientation, a collective approach, and building the cumulative capacity to upgrade. A number of cases are outlined, where clusters and networks have been promoted successfully, and several mechanisms are identified that build up customer orientation and competitiveness.
In search of the African miracle: debates on successful small enterprise development in Africa
Habitat International, Vol. 25 (2001), Iss. 1 P.115https://doi.org/10.1016/S0197-3975(00)00033-3 [Citations: 40]
Industry and Higher Education, Vol. 14 (2000), Iss. 6 P.371https://doi.org/10.5367/000000000101295309 [Citations: 1]
Planning Spatial Development Initiatives
Rogerson, C. M.
Urban Forum, Vol. 10 (1999), Iss. 2 P.259https://doi.org/10.1007/BF03036621 [Citations: 11]
Technology development and the poor/marginalised: context, intervention and participation
Technovation, Vol. 19 (1999), Iss. 6-7 P.393https://doi.org/10.1016/S0166-4972(99)00030-9 [Citations: 20]
Local economic development and urban poverty alleviation: the experience of post-apartheid South Africa
Habitat International, Vol. 23 (1999), Iss. 4 P.511https://doi.org/10.1016/S0197-3975(99)00019-3 [Citations: 30]
Inner-City economic revitalisation through cluster support: The Johannesburg clothing industry
Rogerson, Christian M.
Urban Forum, Vol. 12 (2001), Iss. 1 P.49https://doi.org/10.1007/s12132-001-0003-9 [Citations: 20]
THE RISE AND FALL OF AN ENTERPRISE CLUSTER IN AFRICA: THE JEWELLERY INDUSTRY IN SOUTH AFRICA
DA SILVA, M.
South African Geographical Journal, Vol. 81 (1999), Iss. 3 P.156https://doi.org/10.1080/03736245.1999.9713676 [Citations: 8]
- Development impact bonds: learning from the Asháninka cocoa and coffee case in Peru
- Trade-off between outreach and sustainability of microfinance institutions: evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
- Value chain development for rural poverty reduction: A reality check and a warning
- What is cocoa sustainability? Mapping stakeholders’ socio-economic, environmental, and commercial constellations of priorities
- Impact assessment of commodity standards: towards inclusive value chains