an NGO, and the empowerment approach, which involves forming village groups and developing self-confidence, and enabling women to increase their incomes through collective action and group savings. Whereas larger increases in income can sometimes be generated by the employment approach, this
article suggests that the empowerment approach is less dependent on outside funds, and creates a sense of self-confidence in the women involved.
- Development impact bonds: learning from the Asháninka cocoa and coffee case in Peru
- Trade-off between outreach and sustainability of microfinance institutions: evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
- Value chain development for rural poverty reduction: A reality check and a warning
- Impact assessment of commodity standards: towards inclusive value chains
- What is cocoa sustainability? Mapping stakeholders’ socio-economic, environmental, and commercial constellations of priorities