supporting the hypothesis that women more often than men use available resources to increase the diversity of their enterprise portfolios rather than the size of a single firm. These tendencies toward 'occupational multiplicity' (Massiah, 1988), it is argued, have important implications for
research and intervention design. They suggest that research which measures growth solely in terms of firm size underestimates the earnings of women's enterprises. Additionally, interventions aimed at promoting the growth of firm size may fail in assisting female entrepreneurs, who focus on
different goals.This paper was originally written for the research component of the Growth and Equity through Microenterprise Investments and Institutions (GEMINI) Project, which provides training, economic research, and information to USAID missions and organizations involved in microenterprise
development world wide.