'Twinning' Programmes for Assistance to Small Enterprise – A Review of the GTZ Experience
Technische Zusammenarbeit) decided in 1984 on a new approach and launched the 'twinning' programme. In these twinning arrangements institutions in the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) such as the Handwerkskammer (Chamber of Crafts and Small Business) and the Sparkassen (savings banks) have
established links or 'twinned' themselves with organizations of a similar character in developing countries. Through twinning, the FRG institutions have tried to transfer their experiences by offering training both in the FRG and in the developing country concerned, to provide short-term consultants
in specific fields of activities in which the German institutions have experience, and generally to advise and assist in implementing programmes for small business through mutual visits and other forms of contact.GTZ's role in 'twinning' is to mobilize these German 'self-help' organizations
and to help them to identify appropriate organizations in the developing countries to act as partners. Once the two sides have been matched, to everyone's satisfaction, GTZ can withdraw from the relationship and a relatively long-term partnership can begin.
Foreign trade potential, small enterprise development and job creation in developing countries
Rondinelli, Dennis A.
Kasarda, John D.
Small Business Economics, Vol. 4 (1992), Iss. 4 P.253https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00388621 [Citations: 16]
- Development impact bonds: learning from the Asháninka cocoa and coffee case in Peru
- Trade-off between outreach and sustainability of microfinance institutions: evidence from sub-Saharan Africa
- Value chain development for rural poverty reduction: A reality check and a warning
- Impact assessment of commodity standards: towards inclusive value chains
- What is cocoa sustainability? Mapping stakeholders’ socio-economic, environmental, and commercial constellations of priorities