Business incubators in China were deployed by the Chinese Government solely as a critical instrument to develop and industrialize its technological advancements and are only open to technology-based ventures. This article reviews the development of Chinese business incubators over the past two decades, addressing such key issues as the Chinese business incubators’ founding and funding, service offerings and tenant selection criteria, and discusses the future development of the technology business incubation industry in China. The role and funding by government is very important, though recent efforts are being made to diversify ownership and funding. Incubator specialisms, relating to the industrial areas they are located, are increasing. Selection criteria, based on technology focus, commercial potential and management team, are seen as important. It appears that business incubators in China have been a booster for the transformation of the Chinese economy from the ‘Made in China’ model to a new ‘Created in China’ model.