Problems facing individual industries in Jinning County, China
Instead of compelling people to work in state or collective enterprises, the rural reform programme introduced in China in 1978 granted them the freedom to engage in economic activities on their own. Those with entrepreneurial talents took this opportunity to start industries in rural areas but they encountered problems with hostile attitudes; registration; lack of capital, information and utilities; shortage of raw materials; traditional technology; marketing; poor management, and discriminatory practices. The entrepreneurs' fear that the policy on private sector might change is deterring the expansion of industries. The government has to tackle these problems if it expects these industries to absorb surplus rural labour.