School-led sanitation promotion: Helping achieve total sanitation outcomes in Azad Jammu and Kashmir
School-based, activity-oriented, hygiene education techniques - if appropriately implemented - can lead to sanitation and hygiene improvements beyond schools, into households and wider communities. Teachers and students can help parents and communities at large to realize and adopt better practices. In turn, once realization is there communities can be innovative in appropriate sanitation solutions, which are affordable and hence sustainable. The challenge is adoption of consistent policies and strategies by the key players and capacity building of implementers and facilitators. In particular there is a need to focus on total sanitation and open defecation-free status as the objective and a criterion for success, rather than the numbers of latrines constructed.