Subsidy and sustainability in urban sanitation: The case of Quetta Katchi Abadis Environment Management Programme
Rapid urbanization has increased the need for an adequate sanitation system in Quetta, Pakistan's 12th largest city. However, inadequate institutional capacities have hindered its development. Between 1997 and 2003, the Netherlands Government funded a local environmental management programme which involved a partnership between city governments, community and non-governmental organizations. This paper offers more details about the programme, specifically its institutional framework, technology options, implementation, hygiene promotion and cost and tenure issues.A survey conducted after the project had finished details the outcomes of the programme. Across the range of indicators adopted the outcomes are generally positive. This document also outlines factors in the success of the programme as well as some of the constraints faced, challenges that need to be confronted and issues for future scaling up.