Urban communities need access to water and sanitation; they also need jobs. Can they carry out minor works to an acceptable standard, and at a reasonable cost?
Sanitation: on- or off-track? Issues of monitoring sanitation and the role of the Joint Monitoring Programme
The Joint Monitoring Programme (JMP) of WHO and UNICEF has reported progress in drinking-water and sanitation periodically since 1990 and is the United Nations mechanism for tracking MDG Target 10. This paper outlines a number of aspects of monitoring sanitation including different approaches and tools; it describes the way that JMP operates and considers both its strengths and limitations.